Wednesday, 2 January 2019

All You Need To Know About Debilitating Arthritis

When joint pain is no more an unfamiliar term to you, when your immune system is showing no mercy on your joints, you have sent an invite to a serious health condition. Arthritis is an extensive term that envelopes over a hundred diseases. It has a lot of things to play with your joints, especially the connection points. Your knees, wrists, fingers or hips are no more going to be stable. But there are other types of arthritis that can have an impact on the connective tissues which could even affect your skin.

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Arthritis can create myriads of symptoms and weaken the ability of a person to perform day to day tasks. Physical exercise can have a good effect on arthritis and can improve the function of the joints as well as the mental health.

External injury, infections, incorrect metabolic activities, dysfunction of immune systems are also the list of the factors that are involved in developing arthritis.

Treatment for arthritis is aimed at controlling the intensity of the pain, improvise the physical health, reduce damages in joints and rejuvenate tissues. Also it requires medications, therapies,  patient awareness and support from peers.

About 1 in 5 people have some form of this health condition. As you age, there are more chances of becoming vulnerable to arthritis.

Symptoms and causes:

If your joints are aching intermittently and if you have the following symptoms jotted down in your prescription list ,then arthritis is no longer away from you.

     You will have: One or more swollen joints with stiffness.

     Softness in joints : Joints that welcome warmth

     Movement restrictions

     Red spots appearance in joints

     Problems in performing mundane activities.

These symptoms might be constant or could be changing every time. The severity of the symptoms range from benign to severe. Malignant cases will result in immutable joint damage.

With various form of arthritis, there always arises an ambiguity when it comes to the causative agents. There occurs a sequence of events that rushes you to grab a strip of painkiller or an ice pack.

Pain is inevitable and it is never a happy process. But on the other side, pain happens to be a significant signal that creates a caution to our bodies indicating that there is something incorrect. 


When you are injured by arthritis, here, an injury occurs at your joints, and the pain is sensed initially. The blemished tissues release chemical compounds that cautions the neighbouring sensory nerves. These are the important nerves that ship the message up through the spinal cord to your brain. Your brain starts processing this message and transports a signal to your motor nerves in order to perform a response action. This is why when you cut your finger while chopping vegetables or you touch a burning pan, a reflex action occurs thereby making you to drag your hand away before you make damages.

Factors that cause arthritis:
  • Your joints tend to wither down as you get older.
  • Most types of arthritis are more predominantly encountered in women.
  • Microbial infections caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses trigger the joints with inflammation. 
  • When your knees are prone to work hard, when you do a whole lot of squats and bends, you are likely to be attacked by osteoarthritis. 
  • Holding additional pounds can also make arthritis worsen its condition.
  • Genes also play an important factor in injecting arthritis. The conditions like rheumatoid arthritis have their linkages to specific genes. 
  • Most types of arthritis are accompanied by aggregated list of factors, but there is no exact cause for some and they appear to be erratic.
  • Other factors include history of injuries or infections, drinking and chain smoking. 
  • A balanced diet can play an important role in curing arthritis 
  • Food also remains a causative agent for inflammation, especially those derived from animals and diets that are enriched in carbohydrates can worsen the symptoms.

Types of Arthritis:

 Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune condition. It happens to occur in case of deficiency in the immune system. This is a dreadful disease in which the immune system damages the tissues by itself. Several joints of the body are impaired simultaneously. It is likely to attack the insulating layers that cover the joints and creates dysfunctions.

Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis are prone to encounter stiffness, swelling and redness of the joint lining which would probably result in damage of the joints. This in turn caters to deformation accompanied by typical loss of functionalities. This might affect hands and feet as well.
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

As the name implies, the target audience of this category are probably the children. This affects the joints and causes tenderness of the bones leading to stiffness, malfunctions, inflammation and discomfort in the joints. This will create an impact on the children under sixteen years of age. But unlike the rheumatoid arthritis, this disorder is not chronic in nature. Children may outgrow this as it does not last for lifetime. In addition to this, fevers, rashes and itches may occur and influence different parts of the body.
Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is commonly found in majority of the people. It focuses primarily on the cartilaginous joints. This builds a cushion around the joint thereby constricting the end of the bones into it. This is a slow process and initial stage symptoms are not alarming .When the cartilage in the bones erode gradually, wearing down of the tissue happens. It becomes severe after days of abrasion. As a result of the erosion, irresistible pain and stiffness aggravate and attack the joints.

Psoriatic arthropathy


Psoriatic arthropathy is again an immunity deficient phenomenon that yields pain and inflammation as the outcomes. The ligaments and tendons become vulnerable producing arthritis and psoriasis.

Fibromyalgia

An aching syndrome that has intrinsic effects is the condition called Fibromyalgia. Pain, stiffness, and localized fragile areas are seen on various tendons and muscles, especially in the regions like neck, hips, shoulders and spine. To add on, this also creates sleep apnea and fatigue conditions.

Gout

This is a  form of arthritis in which the urate crystals are accumulated or deposited in the joint cavity and soft tissues, producing severe pain and soreness. The most affected part is the big toe, but there are chances for other junctures to be inflamed as well.

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