Thursday, 17 September 2020

Is Surgery the Only Option for Bunions?

What Are Bunions?

Bunions are bony protrusions on the bottom of the big toe. It is formed when the bones of the big toe and the front of the foot get misaligned. It causes the joint to stick out at an awkward angle.

Is Surgery the Only Option for Bunions?

Why Do They Manifest?

Bunions can be a genetic problem and can be seen as a slight deformity in younger people. They can worsen as they grow older. In adults, bunions can form due to tight fitting shoes. Arthritis is another reason for the formation of bunions.

How Do You Know if You Have Bunions?

Enlarged bunions can be extremely painful and may limit the movement of the big toe. An emerging bunion can cause corns or calluses due to the friction between the protrusion and your footwear. Bunions can also manifest as a swelling on the base of the big toe. It is better to see a doctor during the early stages and get it treated before it affects your movement or causes pain.

Treatment for Bunions

If treated in the early stages, non-surgical procedures may help relieve the symptoms of a bunion. This could include wearing padding over the bunions, medications and topical creams, icing and insoles. If it is severe, the podiatrist may suggest shoe inserts, corrective shoes or other orthotic devices to help provide relief.

When Is Surgery an Option?

Surgery may be considered only if alternative treatments do not help in relieving the pain or if the bunion affects your movement. Surgical options include:

·   Removing swollen tissue from around the base of the big toe.

·   Straightening the big toe by removing the protruding bone.

·   Realigning the bones of the big toe and the front of the foot.

·   Joining the bones of the affected area permanently.

As recovery after surgery will take time and rehabilitation is necessary, the podiatrist will use surgery as the last resort in the case of bunions.


Wednesday, 16 September 2020

Use of Orthotic Insoles for Pain Management

One of the most effective pain management treatments for foot problems are orthotic insoles. These are special shoe or heel inserts prescribed by a doctor. They are usually custom-made to treat specific foot problems.

Podiatrists use orthotic insoles extensively to treat foot ailments and as an alternative to other extreme options, like surgery. Very often, with the right foot support, pain due to foot ailments can be eased effectively.

Use of Orthotic Insoles for Pain Management

Use of Orthotic Insoles for Different Kinds of Foot Problems


Both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis can affect the feet and can cause deformities that result in pain. Use of orthotic insoles can rectify the problem and ease the pain.


These are bony protrusions that form at the base of the big toe and they can be quite painful. Orthotic insoles with a wide toe box are used to help in reducing the pressure on the foot thus relieving pain.


This is caused due to inflammation of the fluid filled sacs at the joints of the heels and toes. Orthotic insoles with support arches can help reduce the discomfort caused by bursitis.


Diabetics can develop diabetic neuropathy which causes loss of sensation in the feet. Orthotic insoles may be recommended to protect the feet and prevent injuries and foot ulcers.

Heel Spurs

This condition causes excess bone growth on the bottom of the heel. Insoles can help in supporting the heel and reducing swelling.

High Arches

High arched feet can give rise to a number of foot problems like shin splints, knee pain and plantar fasciitis. Use of insoles can help in correcting foot position and offering pain relief.


Trauma to feet and ankles may cause foot problems that can be relieved with the use of proper orthotic insole support.

There are various kinds of OTC insoles available but it would be better to see a podiatrist if you have a foot ailment. They will be able to advise you on the best solution for your problem.